# Man Hours Calculation

If temperature loss is less than 12 hours (or less than 9. Single shifts over 12 hours are not supported. Time with 1 man = 80 man-hours ÷ 1 man = 80 hours (b) Time with 5 men = 80 man-hours ÷ 5 men = 16 hours. 40 Hour type position, employee is scheduled to work 2 hour a day, 3 days a week for 25 weeks in 2009. Throughout the recruitment process you will be asked to confirm the Whole Time Equivalent (W. Cubic Yard Calculator. 5 travel hours). For example, researching and writing a college paper might require eighty man-hours, while preparing a family banquet from scratch might require ten man-hours. If the number of hours is greater than 24 hours, goto: Add or Subtract days, hours and minutes from an entered date and time Select "add" or "subtract" Click "Click to Calculate" button. man-day (plural man-days) One person's working time for a day, or the equivalent, used as a measure of how much work or labor is required or consumed to perform some task. The following calculator will find mean, mode, median, lower and upper quartile, interquartile range of the given data set. Time Log Template Example. The program calculates your needed man-hours and the available man-hours. Please use the Man Hours Calculator at your own risk. In this MS Excel tutorial from ExcelIsFun, the 718th installment in their series of digital spreadsheet magic tricks, you'll learn how to calculate hours worked while subtracting time spent at lunch. This means you multiply 8*5 and get 40 hours per week and multiply that by 4 and get 160. We also encourage you to check the files with your own antivirus before launching the installation. 2 sold hours divided by 40 attended hours). Convert FTE to hours per pay period. Knowing how to calculate TRIFR, LTIFR and other safety indicators is an important skill to have if you work in the health and safety field. Below a table in which the energy usage per hour by kilo and pound body weight has been calculated for several speeds. Calculating Person Months. If you are looking for way to calculate the required manpower in a month, check it up in another work force management article here. To meet your financial goals set at the time. CALCULATING YOUR DAILY CALORIC EXPENDITURES Introduction The Calorie is a unit of energy. 7% probability that an Acme Light Bulb will burn out within 1200 hours. This should get you the answer to total safe man hours. Hours invested in the project are entered by your employees using the timesheet option on the web or the AssessTEAM mobile app. Automated Manhours Calculation Worksheet looking to construct a working spreadsheet to calculate the payable working hours based on day and time. Any pre-fabrication in a shop will increase productivity and reduce total direct hours. How to Calculate Man Hours By C. This is a measurement of speed typically used in non-metric countries for transport such as the USA. 25 (Install) +. We want to calculate the employee’s total pay. Project Manpower Requirement Calculation using MS Excel. The maintenance man hours include the total man hours utilized for the whole year for performing all activities of maintenance including predictive, preventive and reactive maintenance with the plant and machinery. Calculating holiday entitlement for casual staff. Discover more every day. When renting an apartment, the ability to calculate the amount per square foot allows you to determine if you're paying too much. Persona - Skills - Settings. Depending on one's weight, an individual can burn between 400 and 800 calories per hour doing fast, vigorous sit-ups. Business needs a report to know the difference between Actual production hours for work / Planned production hours based on the Person who is doing it. Experienced freelance graphic designers can charge more than £200 an hour. Please use the Man Hours Calculator at your own risk. Convert hours per pay period to FTE. Budwiser is 5% abv. I spoke with my team and we will make note of this for future training. If you're interested in Precision Nutrition Coaching, we strongly recommend you join the presale list below. You can specify the start and end time, regular time hours, overtime charges, as well as weekends. 40 Hour type position, employee is scheduled to work 2 hour a day, 3 days a week for 25 weeks in 2009. The formula for finding each employees' labor burden is fairly simple. As was pointed out above, some sheets will require less hours than the average and some will require more hours than the average. I want to see how long this will take dependent upon how many people I put to work on them. Full-time equivalent (FTE) or whole time equivalent (WTE) is a unit that indicates the workload of an employed person (or student) in a way that makes workloads or class loads comparable across various contexts. Get online driving directions you can trust from Rand McNally. For SLA which uses 24/7 default calendar. Planners struggle too much over developing an accurate estimate for each job. An industrial unit of production equal to the work one person can produce in an hour. Express is an example in this respect. Looking for away to calculate productivity and efficiency. Determine the number of regular hours worked by your non-full-time employees. After entering in the appropriate data click the 'Calculate Poop Pay' button to see your annual earning for pooping at work. View the pronunciation for man-hour. Prepare and. BMI can be used to indicate if you are overweight, obese, underweight or normal. View code on GitHub. Subcontractors hours should be listed separately from the General/Prime Contractor. Our employees have a normal work time calender with a daily work time ie 7. However, some of these potential hours will be used for vacation, sick leave, and continuing education; thus, the hours per year are fewer than 2,080. If I’m exactly at the one year, two months, I can’t use any leave, save a few hours (I am banking my annual leave to cash out). Determine the type of workers you need. You calculate your man-hours for that project by multiplying 20 by 40, and then that sum by 12 (four weeks in a month). 40 Hour type position, employee is scheduled to work 30 hours a week for 4 weeks in 2013. These templates may be considered vital as they help gauge the man force’s work hours. Using a carefully developed formula, the Snow Day Calculator will predict snow days or delays for school using just your zip code in the US and Canada. Expert estimation: This is the technique completely based on judgment of the experts. The most accurate, fast and user friendly UK salary, tax and national insurance calculator, using official HMRC data. The following is a discussion about how to use time tracking data to calculate employee utilization rates. Calculate Your Man-Hours. User Story Points versus Man-Hours: Estimating Effort Better. For example LA to London is approximately 10 hours 32 minutes. How Measuring Labor as a Percent of Sales Can Be Misleading Labor as a percentage of sales is the most popular method restaurant managers use to consistently hit their labor and sales budgets. Calculating Total Pay, Based on Hours Worked Per Day and Hourly Rates. Add up your hours using the above Time Card Calculator 2. Yearly salary: Calculate Salary or Advanced Calculator Advanced Calculator. An FTE is the hours worked by one employee on a full-time basis. man-month (plural man-months) One person's working time for a month, or the equivalent, used as a measure of how much work or labor is required or consumed to perform some task. (You can do this sort of calculation with one of the "Six Segment" calculators in the "Old Stuff" section. Visit the post for more. neuvoo™ 【 Online Salary and Tax Calculator 】 provides your income after tax if you work in Canada. what is safe man hours in industries It is a unit of production equal to the work that can be produced by someone in a hour. Simply enter your birthday and click ‘Calculate’ to get started. Working hours: benefits rules - Calculating work hours: Fluctuating hours of work. some companies they are calculating based on sheet size. The formula LN applies to calculate the man hours depends on whether or not the operation has a fixed duration. Calculating man-hours ensure, you are evaluating if you are actually taking benefit of all of your employees or to measure the cost per project, you are facing due to the labor. However, in an Operational view, if the ANTHPE is say 110 hours and you have some employees have clocked four or five times this amount, it will tell you that you either have an extremely experienced employee OR someone who should be fast-tracked to early. Basically, it's determined by calculating the hours required to complete a task or project, and then charging what it costs your business to compensate its field employees. News, email and search are just the beginning. Welding Calculations Design Rules for calculating the strength of butt and fillet welded joints subject to Direct, Bending and Torsional loadings. SafetyInfo is a membership library of comprehensive ready-to-use safety information covering management, training and recordkeeping. When told to estimate this way, the team member will mentally estimate first in number of hours and then convert that estimate to points. Multiply days by hours Determine how many hours your employees work each day, and do not count any unpaid time, Multiply hours by employees If more than one employee is assigned to the project,. ) This may or may not seem significant in the context of a time trial. We want to calculate the hourly productivity (Items Sold/Hours Worked) for each salesperson. Estimators General Construction Man Hour Manual Free Download - posted: 6 March technical calculation and estimators man hour manual pdf download. Looking for abbreviations of SPMH? It is Sales per Man Hour. For each project, before the labour value is calculated, the Productivity Efficiency Percentage should be determined. The second way to calculate the utilization rate is to take the number of billable hours and divide by a fixed number of hours per week. Free concrete and cement calculator formulas for yards, pounds, bags, rectangles, squares, circles, columns and sonotubes. 91% Upvoted. Taylor, eHow Contributor updated: November 17, 2010. Which is a little short of the actual time available to work which is 2080 hour in a yearthis is usually given to vacation. See also a map, estimated flight duration, carbon dioxide emissions and the time difference between Manchester and Abu Dhabi. It is a handy tool that helps you understand how much energy is stored in the battery that your smartphone or a drone runs on. Plumbing Estimates Calculator A plumbing estimates calculator is a tool that can assist homeowners in approximating the amount they should pay for a plumbing project. Calculate Your Company's Total Recordable Incident Rate (TRIR) Number of hours worked by all employees =. Finishing the example, divide 12,000 cubic feet per hour by 1,200 cubic feet to find that you get 10 air changes per hour. 6 hours a day totalling 30 hours per week. The second determination in the above calculator uses the difference between declared fluid intake and total urine output to check the fluid balance. 40 Hour type position, employee is scheduled to work 2 hour a day, 3 days a week for 25 weeks in 2009. It provides the perfect bedtime or wake up time based on your schedule It also provides the length of sleep time in addition to the number of sleep cycles that are achievable. Planners struggle too much over developing an accurate estimate for each job. Roofing Calculator – Estimate Roof Prices Roofing Calculator is designed to provide approximate replacement prices for PVC Flat Roofing and Metal Roofing Systems, that we charge in MA, CT, RI and NY. For less experienced graphic designers, £50 to £75 an hour is much more common. Normally in an EPC project, progress calculation procedure for engineering deliverables is developed and used to monitor project performance against man hour spent. thanks for your praises Shiva. The man-year takes the amount of hours. 36°C Example 2: Calculate the time of death if a person has been dead for less than 12 hours. A simple formula: Total man-hours ÷ actual work days ÷ 8 hours/day = No. Use this calculator to determine how many days, hours, minutes and seconds there are between two dates. So when comparing rates, you have to be careful about which calculation method is used. Power is simply the rate at which energy is converted (for example, a Watt is one Joule per Second). for ex each month training takes place in an oragnisation on various topics nd the trainess who attend the training programme are sometimes same and are sometimes new. When tasks have active assigned resources, the calculation type actually determines how changing an assignment's work or duration changes the other value, as well as how that is related to the assignment's units -- i. As an alternative you can just take overall cost of running the company, estimate how many billable hours you're going to do, and you pretty much have your bottom line cost of man hour. If temperature loss is less than 12 hours (or less than 9. DollarTimes. The United Kingdom also uses this on the roads although officially the metric system has been adopted. Calories Per Hour. A man-hour is the amount of work performed by the average worker in one hour. They must be paid either at least the minimum wage for every hour worked. 08433 x (kW of generator). However, in an Operational view, if the ANTHPE is say 110 hours and you have some employees have clocked four or five times this amount, it will tell you that you either have an extremely experienced employee OR someone who should be fast-tracked to early. How would I calculate what the pieces per hour are if I had 2097 pieces produced with 9 people working for 2 hours (120 min) If you want pieces per hr per man, you can use man-hrs 9 * 2 = 18 man-hrs to produce 2097 pieces ~ 117 per hr per man. For further information check out our standard drinks page. After logging in or becoming a member, you will be redirected back to this page. Spots are limited and open just twice per year. The calculation is 1 hour for every 3 miles distance plus 1 hour for every 2000 feet of ascent - many people conclude that Mr Naismith was a very fit bugger! Anyway, as a test I plugged in a 6 mile flat walk and a 6 mile walk with 2000 feet ascent into your calculator. This will help determine how much an employee costs their employer per hour. You can put any numbers in the boxes, even decimals and negative numbers. It seems simple, but many construction businesses lose money because they do not correctly calculate the real cost of maintaining an employee. Multiply the number of hours you work each week by the number of weeks you work each year to determine your total hours. However, we could introduce some main aspects for buyers to get an approximate estimation to the cast steel costs. The calculation is different for employees who take. Calculate the minimum, maximum, range, count, sum, mean, median and mode for a set of data. Safety programs protect your bottom line. Standard Hours FTE Standard Hours FTE Standard Hours FTE. this article focusses on how to estimate the man hours involved for developing a project and the rates mentioned here are arbitary. The calculator is designed to educate you about the different factors that influence dehydration requirements during activity. Need to calculate man hour rate in Excel 2010 I own a tree service and I'm trying to get the man hour rate for a job that takes two days. Therefore, productivity is equal to 800/900 = 0. Then add mark-up which makes you feel comfortable and voila. 7 to meet 211. Long Term Care - How to calculate Nursing hours allotted per day per patient/resident (PPD) PPD If you want more staff for your department, better equipment and higher salaries, you as the Nurse Manager have to show that your department is capable of helping produce revenue and that you are a good steward of the funds you are entrusted with to. The following rough "hours/ key quantity" could be utilised to calculate the total direct man-hours for a major onshore project, based on all site fabrication and installation. 0 in an honors class, or the equivalent of an A in a regular class). Duration % How to calculate man hours in warranty job? Is there any standard method? What are the advantages, or disadvantages of the following. Time Card Calculator Military Time. Calculating your Course Load. How To Calculate The Manpower Required For A Project Using Microsoft Excel Tutorials. The minutes to tenths of hours conversion follows the chart on the back of the white University timecards. Basically, it's determined by calculating the hours required to complete a task or project, and then charging what it costs your business to compensate its field employees. Distance from Manchester to Abu Dhabi (Abu Dhabi International Airport – Manchester Airport) is 3532 miles / 5685 kilometers / 3069 nautical miles. Include hours for supervisors. 9 hours in minutes? This simple calculator will allow you to easily convert 0. How strong is your mixed drink or cocktail? Depending on the recipe, you can have one, two, or more U. based upon a "norm" and then converted into hours. Below your paycheck results are broken down into three sections. How does this work hours calculator work? This is a simple tool to use when keeping track of work hours, be them regular or overtime. 625 (Total Hours) Calculating Labor Hours on “Labor” Items. Calculate your alcohol intake. Plus you'll get the chance to register 24 hours early and get our lowest price ever — up to 54% off the general price. At Number Two Guide we have developed a Poop Calculator to provide you with some of the most important statistics of your life. My own calculations, using 5% abv, show 0. For example if your Target Sales for Monday are $2,000 and your scheduled hours are 40, then your target SPLH is $50, or put it another way you plan to schedule 1 hour of work for every $50 in planned sales. Page] on Amazon. The PPD must be at least 2. will need during the Emergent (Resuscitative) phase if he weighs 150 lbs (68 Kg) with aTBSA burn of 27%. Benefit entitlement can depend on how many hours of paid work you do per week. Safe man hours is the number of hours worked minus the number of hours lost due to unsafe work or lost work due to an incident. The person months for 3, 9, 10, and 12 will be calculated. Two entry options are available. How many miles have I walked in my lifetime? How many slices of pizza have I consumed? Well, when it comes to poop there is no more wondering. To calculate the overhead recovery rate we divide the total costs for the business - $550,000 by the total available (billable) hours 6,564. Project Manpower Requirement Calculation using MS Excel. One fills the pool in hours, the other in hours. Need some help please? I have a number of jobs to do that I can get # of man-hours from. Working hours: benefits rules - Calculating work hours: Fluctuating hours of work. This calculator uses the withholding schedules, rules and rates from IRS Publication 15. Please note that these results are intended to be used to estimate how much fuel a generator uses during operation and are not exact metrics due to various factors that can affect the amount of fuel consumed. 0, would be a 4. Man-Hours Calculator is a very simple application that enables employers to verify if the available man-hours are enough to cover the workload, in order to better manage tasks. Mulch Calculator/Yardage. The tool enables members to model the impact of the new hours available on staffing on a shift-by-shift basis. These timecard templates allow you to track weekly or bi-weekly employee hours and overtime. 60 seconds equal 1 minute 60 minutes equal 1 hour 24 hours equal 1 day 7 days equal 1 week. Man-hour cost? Where can I find how much 1 man-hour cost? I've heard there's a number associated but I can't find it. We strive to build a culture of safety and awareness in our employees. Explain your answers: 1. Let's take the $100,000 annual gross as an example. ) Example: If you served 3,000 covers for the period:. In accordance with Federal civil rights law and U. 1 man hour = work completed in an hour of uninterrupted effort by an average worker. This is a simplified version of the online calculator. some companies they are calculating based on sheet size. Because if you're not sure about what hourly rate you're using on your web design contract, you're starting on the wrong. A man-hour is the amount of work performed by the average worker in one hour. the amount of work done by one person in one hour: 2. Safe man hours is the number of hours worked minus the number of hours lost due to unsafe work or lost work due to an incident. The calculator takes into consideration the grade of the walking surface that you are on (i. Determine the number of regular hours worked by your non-full-time employees. The faster you can get a job done, the more money you can make. Man-hour cost? Where can I find how much 1 man-hour cost? I've heard there's a number associated but I can't find it. This calculator only converts the values in watts to Kilowatt hours and not the reverse. After entering in the appropriate data click the 'Calculate Poop Pay' button to see your annual earning for pooping at work. As an alternative you can just take overall cost of running the company, estimate how many billable hours you're going to do, and you pretty much have your bottom line cost of man hour. Dunk Calculator. Earned Man-hours 3. For example, 60 minutes = 1 CH, 150 minutes = 2. Benefit entitlement can depend on how many hours of paid work you do per week. Divide this figure by the volume of the room to calculate the number of air changes per hour. The most common unit in respect of LTIF is one million man hours. Calculate overtime pay. Estimating 6 working hours per day, the total man hours is obtained from multiplying the following: 15 x 10 x 6 = 900 hours. If you can determine the area of your concrete project (length x width for rectangular projects) and know the thickness of the slab, you can use the information in the Concrete Volume Calculator below to determine how much concrete you need. The program calculates your needed man-hours and the available man-hours, and then compares the two, showing you how many man-hours you are over, or under. Man hours calculation in excel template in title. Looking for online definition of Man-hours or what Man-hours stands for? Man-hours is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms Man-hours - What does Man-hours stand for?. The mowing speed is the miles per hour rating at the recommended mowing gear or the usual. Your last project was an apartment complex and it took your employees three months to build. 91% Upvoted. 120 cubic yards per person each week. To use the chart insert the percent effort that you want to convert and press calculate. How to Calculate Man-Hours for A Software Project: Explanation with an Example Estimation of a project's cost, time, and scope are all essential in Agile development, and estimating man-hours is. The purpose of this is to determine how much of the day is really left, so when compared to a work load we can determine the odds of completing our work, and by when. Earned Man-hours 3. Here's the formula for calculating the FTE: FTE = (Number of hours to complete a task) / (Number of total hours working on that project per month) Since the Number of total hours working on the project per month can vary from month to month, the Productivity Factor (PF) should be included in the formula. Use this calculator for time sheet or time card calculations. Therefore I have elected to use $21 per man-hour for this discussion. However, in an Operational view, if the ANTHPE is say 110 hours and you have some employees have clocked four or five times this amount, it will tell you that you either have an extremely experienced employee OR someone who should be fast-tracked to early. For payment by credit card, call 202-512-1800, M-F 8 a. Time Log Template Example. I am using standard calendar which is 8 hours a days, 40 hour a week. Interior paint coverage depends on the brand of paint used. Durations to London from other US cities vary from 7 hours on the west coast to 12 hours on the east coast. LN determines the man and machine hours to calculate the operation costs. On this page, you can calculate the capacity of battery bank expressed in ampere hour (Ah) to run a desired load expressed in kilowatt hour (kWh). Download timesheets and other payroll-related templates for Excel, OpenOffice, and Google Sheets. It provides the perfect bedtime or wake up time based on your schedule It also provides the length of sleep time in addition to the number of sleep cycles that are achievable. Some tasks are running in parallel while others are one after another. Normally in an EPC project, progress calculation procedure for engineering deliverables is developed and used to monitor project performance against man hour spent. Celebrating 100,000 accident free man- hours at Norton In January 2007, the ABB site team at Norton joined its customer colleagues from CE Electric UK to celebrate over 100,000 construction man-hours without a single LTA (lost time accident). Use our free Kilowatt Hour Cost Calculator to quickly perform your calculations! If you have noticed that your electric utility bills have been steadily increasing, you can easily figure out how much each of your appliances and other gadgets costs to run. All work-related fatalities within 8 hours. Average Hourly Wage Rates Reporting Using the Average Hourly Wage Calculation Method This is an alternative to reporting actual hours worked that is allowed for firms that report apartment house managers, caretakers, or similar employment where compensation is not tied directly to hours worked. Page] on Amazon. BiliTool is designed to help clinicians assess the risks toward the development of hyperbilirubinemia or "jaundice" in newborns over 35 weeks gestational age. This is a ready-to-use template that you can manage your timesheet. It provides the perfect bedtime or wake up time based on your schedule It also provides the length of sleep time in addition to the number of sleep cycles that are achievable. If someone instructs team members that one point equals eight (or any number of) hours, the benefits of estimating in an abstract but relatively meaningful unit like story points are lost. For productivity I will provide after your confirmation. Listentotaxman is the Original UK Income Tax Calculator. Click "Click to. Calculate the number of working days, work hours and holidays between two dates in India. To calculate man-hours for a project, multiply the number Considerations in Estimating Man-Hours. Pace Calculator Calculate your running pace for common race distances such as 5K, 10K, Half Marathon and Marathon, or enter your own distance. Find the total number of hours worked by multiplying the number of working hours in a day by the number of total working days. The PPD must be at least 2. For example if your Target Sales for Monday are $2,000 and your scheduled hours are 40, then your target SPLH is $50, or put it another way you plan to schedule 1 hour of work for every $50 in planned sales. WebMD Fit-O-Meter: The diet tool that is a calories burned calculator and counter for your common exercises and activities. What's your chance for a Snow Day Tomorrow?. 7 to meet 211. 5 or higher, round up to the nearest whole number. Calculating holiday entitlement for casual staff. man days or man hours? if you want to calculate man hours ill tell you what they do in fords. Minute is a unit of time measurement that is equal to 1/60 of an hour. Determine the number of regular hours worked by your non-full-time employees. It is the number of employees multiplied by the number of hours worked. there are two inputs labour and capital. Calculate total hours like a time card for labor by entering start and end times. For example, Generic Software has three departments: software development, administration, and sales and marketing. A basis I used was a system for estimating the value of erection works of a German Company LINDE, which I completed and modified. To use the calculator, simply input details about yourself such as you age, gender, weight and height. ›› Metric conversions and more ConvertUnits. Hours can be abbreviated as hr , for example 1 hour can be written as 1 hr. This Calorie Calculator is based on several equations, and the results of the calculator are based on an estimated average. Say total, in-house orders = 2650 MH. But trying to predict the time required to complete a task or a project, especially if someone other than you will do the work, requires judgment and experience. Learn more. We want to calculate the hourly productivity (Items Sold/Hours Worked) for each salesperson. To calculate in Excel how many hours someone has worked, you can often subtract the start time from the end time to get the difference. Define man-days. 15 min × (1 hr / 60 min) = (15/60) hr = 0. hours per month for those working 5 days 8 hours per week. 15 (Design) +. Yearly salary: Calculate Salary or Advanced Calculator Advanced Calculator. To calculate above factors I am giving you formula here and using above information will show you the result one by one. Total number of kilometers driven per man-hour worked. will need during the Emergent (Resuscitative) phase if he weighs 150 lbs (68 Kg) with aTBSA burn of 27%. a unit of measurement based on a. Calories Per Hour. There are 27 cubic feet in a cubic yard. Keep in mind that contractors can choose how they manage their workforce to meet any particular requirement. This should get you the answer to total safe man hours. New to Microsoft Excel?. Assume you'll work a 40-hour week for purposes of this calculation, although you may end up working more than this. 0166666666666667 hours or simply rounding 1 Minute equals 0. Please use the Man Hours Calculator at your own risk. 5 hours do not include lunch periods. Let’s look at 2 scenarios in which the company owner (or estimator) prepares a quote, and relies on industry averages (or old, inaccurate data). Calculate labor productivity Divide the total productive output by the total man hours during the productivity period to calculate the labor productivity. Because if you're not sure about what hourly rate you're using on your web design contract, you're starting on the wrong. Follow these step-by-step instructions. How To Calculate The Manpower Required For A Project Using Microsoft Excel Tutorials. Hours calculator (How many hours) The hours calculator calculates the duration between two dates in hours and minutes This application determines the number of hours between two times or add hours to a certain date. To calculate in Excel how many hours someone has worked, you. re: standard man-hours for design engineering activities projects 09/14/2009 1:52 PM I found this book on my supervisor's book shelf. How to Calculate Man Hours - Estimating Man-Hours for a Project Bid Divide your project into components. Labor costs are affected by the production time, labor rate, number of workers, and labor usage. Generate 8 - 64 ordinate lines in seconds. The calculator reports that the cumulative probability is 0. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: